This Monday at Paris, World leaders have kick-started an attempt to slow down the earth's rising temperatures, with French President Francois Hollande saying the world was at "breaking point" in the fight against global warming.
Some 150 heads of state and government, including U.S. President Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, urged each other to find common cause in two weeks of bargaining to steer the global economy away from its dependence on fossil fuels. They are currently at the United Nations climate change talks in Paris armed with their various solutions and by mid-December a landmark agreement to keep the world safe.
Most scientists say failure to agree on strong measures in Paris would doom the world to ever-hotter average temperatures, bringing with them deadlier storms, more frequent droughts and rising sea levels as polar ice caps melt.
Facing such alarming projections, the leaders of nations responsible for about 90 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions have come bearing pledges to reduce their national carbon output, through different measures at different rates.
The average temperature of the Earth's surface has increased by about 0.85°C (1.4F) in the last 100 years. Thirteen of the 14 warmest years were recorded in the 21st Century, with 2015 on course to set another record. Scientists believe that gases released from industry and agriculture (known as emissions) are adding to the natural greenhouse effect, the way the Earth's atmosphere traps some of the energy from the Sun. also, human activities such as burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas are increasing the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. Carbon-absorbing forests are also being cut down. According to Scripps CO2 Program, data from the Mauna Loa Observatory; the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is now higher than at any time in the last 800,000 years and reached a record high in May this year.
The effects of this alarming climate change are; higher temperatures, extreme weather events and higher sea levels. Since 1900, sea levels have risen by on average about 19cm globally. The rate of sea-level rise has accelerated in recent decades, placing a number of islands and low-lying countries at risk. This is because of the reducing polar ice sheets. The Arctic sea ice is also shrinking because of higher temperatures, plus according to the National Snow and Ice Dater Center; an area of sea ice roughly 10 times the size of the UK has been lost when the current day is compared with average levels from the early 1980s.
The sea level is not the only thing being affected, the rise in temperature will id drying up the fresh water supply and this will reduce food production and supply as well as severe natural disasters from floods, storms, heat waves and droughts.
The World Leaders are not the only ones who should be worrying about the climate condition. Even you can make a difference. Save the world you live in, recycle, reuse and reduce.